What is human trafficking?
Trafficking in persons (TIP) or modern-day slavery is: “an act or attempted act of recruiting, transporting, transferring, and harboring or receiving a person by means of threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability, or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation at a minimum includes the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.” (underlines are not in the original) The Palermo Protocol – United Nations – adopted November 2000
Where does Thailand fit into the world's human trafficking problem?
Thailand is a source, transit and destination country for victims of trafficking – largely from Laos, Burma, Cambodia, Vietnam, and China in Asia and many Eastern European countries as well as Africa. Thai people are also trafficked within the boundaries of Thailand for both sex and labor.
What is the link between Beginnings and human trafficking?
Most of the young women in the sex trade in Bangkok fit the socio-economic descriptors for those most vulnerable to being trafficked. In an effort to support their families they are easily lured to promises of economic stability and freedom.
What is the demand for the sex trade in Bangkok?
Bangkok supports three major red light districts that serve men from developed countries, primarily Europe, Australia, Canada, U. S. and Japan. There are an estimated 10,000 to 15,000 women and girls working in these three districts in Bangkok. There are another estimated 20,000 prostituted women and children working in Pattaya, a beach town two hours south of Bangkok. Other beach towns offer sexual services as well. Other districts serve Thai men. According to the Coalition Against Trafficking Women (CATW), “4.6 million Thai men regularly, and 500,000 foreign tourists annually, buy women in prostitution.” CATW – Asia Pacific, “Trafficking in Women and Prostitution in the Asia Pacific”